All About Myocardial Infarction Heart Attack. You’ll read the causes of myocardial infarction, prevention of myocardial infarction & symptoms of myocardial infarction and much more. Myocardial infarction is also known as a heart attack in the field of medicine. It is a life-threatening condition.
Myocardial infarction happens when the blood flow to heart muscles is abruptly cut off by causing tissue damage. This can be the result of one or more blockages of coronary arteries. The blockage can be developed due to the buildup of plaque. It is a substance that is mostly made of cholesterol, fat and other cellular waste products.
All About Myocardial Infarction Heart Attack
Signs And Symptoms Of Myocardial Infarction: –
While the most popular symptoms of heart attack are shortness of breath and chest pain. But there can a variety of symptoms of a heart attack. The most common symptoms of heart attack are as follows: –
- Pain in the chest, jaw, back or other areas of the upper body. The pain lasts for more than a few minutes and comes and go back at different intervals of time.
- Tightness and pressure in the chest.
- Shortness of breath
- A cough
- Fast heart rate
It is very important to get a point that not all people get the same signs of a heart attack. However, chest pain is the most common symptom that has been reported among both men and women. The following symptoms are more common in women: –
- Jaw pain
- Shortness of breath
- Upper back pain
In fact, many women who had a heart attack in the past told that they felt symptoms similar to the flu.
Causes Of Myocardial Infarction: –
The heart is the main organ of your cardiovascular system. It also includes different types of blood vessels. Some of the most unique and important vessels are arteries. Their job is to transport oxygen-rich blood to your body and all organs of the body. The coronary arteries carry oxygen-rich blood, especially to the heart muscle. When these arteries become blocked or narrow due to the formation of plaque, the flow of blood to your heart decreases or might sometime cut off completely. There can be factors that can cause blockage in the arteries. Following are some factors that cause the blockage of an artery.
Bad cholesterol is also called the low-density lipoprotein LDL. It is one of the main causes of the blockage of arteries. Cholesterol is found in food, which is a colourless substance. Not every cholesterol is bad. LDL cholesterol can stick to the arteries and produce plaque.
Saturated fats can also be the cause of the blockage of coronary arteries. They can be found in meat and various dairy products like beef, butter, cheese, etc. The fat caused by these products can cause arterial blockage by increasing the bad cholesterol in the body.
Trans fat is also called hydrogenated fat. It also contributes a lot to the blockage of arteries. Trans fat is found in processed foods. It is typically listed on the food labels as hydrogenated oil or partially hydrogenated oil.
Risk Factors For Myocardial Infarction: –
There are certain factors that can increase the risk of heart attack or Myocardial Infarction. The risk factors are as follows.
- People with high blood pressure are at greater risk of a heart attack.
- High levels of cholesterol in the blood put at risk of Myocardial Infarction
- The high triglyceride levels also increase the risk of a heart attack.
- High blood sugar levels which are called diabetes can damage the blood vessels. It leads to coronary artery disease.
- You are at a higher chance of getting a heart attack if you are overweight.
- Old age people are at high risk of getting a heart attack 45 to 55.
- Family history has been great in getting the heart attack.
- Lack of exercise
- Usage of drugs
- A history of high blood pressure during pregnancy or preeclampsia.
Diagnosis Of Myocardial Infarction: –
To check whether you have a heart attack or not, the doctor will listen to the heart for the irregularities of the heartbeat. Like they may measure blood pressure. An electrocardiogram known as EKG will be done to measure the heart’s electrical activity. A blood test might also be done to check for proteins that are linked with heart damage, such as troponin. Angiogram can also be done with coronary catheterization to look for areas of blockage in the heart.
Treatments For Myocardial Infarction: –
Heart attacks required immediate treatment, which begins in the emergency room. A very simple procedure called angioplasty is done to unblock the arteries that supply blood to the heart. In angioplasty, the surgeon will insert a long-thin tube called a catheter through your artery to reach the area of blockage. It may also send a mesh tube called a stent to the site of the blockage to open it. The stent can prevent the artery from blocking and closing again.
Another treatment is known as coronary artery bypass graft-CABG. In this procedure, the surgeon will reroute the veins and arteries to allow blood to flow around the area of blockage. A CABG sometimes has done immediately after a heart attack.
There is also another number of treatment and medications to prevent heart attack like: –
- Blood thinners such as aspirin.
- Thrombolytics to dissolve the clots.
- An antiplatelet drug-like clopidogrel prevents forming of clots.
- Nitroglycerin widens up the blood vessels.
- Beta-blockers lower blood pressure and relax heart muscles.
- Pain relievers to reduce any discomfort.
Prevention Of Myocardial Infarction: –
There are many ways to prevent Myocardial Infarction. One way is to eat a healthy diet that should consist of whole grains, vegetables, fruits or lean protein. You should reduce the amount of sugar, saturated fats, trans fats and cholesterol. This is very important to people with diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Exercising will also improve your cardiovascular health. It is essential to stop smoking if you want to prevent a heart attack. It will improve both heart and lung health.
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