All About Prostate Cancer

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All About Prostate Cancer. You’ll read what is prostate cancer, causes of prostate cancer, symptoms of prostate cancer, treatment of prostate cancer & much more. Prostate cancer is a silent killer. Prostate cancer is the second most common types of cancer in men. It is generally found in the men above the age of 40. In this article, I am going to write about all about prostate cancer. You will come up with the detailed info of this cancer like it’s definition, pathology, analysis, causes, symptoms and treatments.

What Is Prostate?

The prostate is a glandular organ. It is part of the male reproductive system. The prostate is the size of a walnut, about 3 cm long or up to 1 inch and weighs about 30 grams. It is located on the neck of the bladder and in front of the rectum and surrounds the urethra. The urethra is a tube-like structure that carries urine which is produced by the kidneys through the penis and sperms that are produced by the testicles while ejaculation. When ejaculating, a thin milky fluid is then produced by the prostate which is added to the semen.

All About Prostate Cancer And It’s Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

All About Prostate Cancer - Chart

Physiopathology Of Prostate Cancer:

In this cancer, the normal cells have a transformation in which they grow and multiply abnormally without their normal range. Not only this, but they also appear in their microscopic size. They can attack the adjacent tissues. These cells can form into malignant tumours or masses. That can take the place of other nearby tissues and cells and take the vital oxygen and nutrients. The cells from this cancer can invade the nearby organs through the bloodstream and lymphatic system. This process of spreading cancer to the other organs is called metastasis. Common metastasis locations are pelvic lymph nodes and bones. Lungs and liver can also be suffered from metastasis, but it is very rare. Older men suffer from this tumour often.

Analysis Of Prostate Cancer:

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men. It is also second cancer-causing death in men. The first one is lung cancer. One out of seven men is diagnosed with prostate cancer. It is a slow-moving disease and does not create sudden death. 1 in 39 men will die of this cancer. There is a rough calculation of 26,000 deaths in the U.S due to prostate cancer annually.

Causes Of Prostate Cancer:

No specific cause has yet been identified. Genetic, hormones, environmental, and various dietary factors are likely to play roles in causing prostate cancer. Hence, there are only three well-established risk factors that are heredity, age, and ethnicity.

Age:

The risk of having prostate cancer increases as a man grows old, above the age of 40. Most prostate cancers are diagnosed in the man above 65 years.

Ethnicity:

African Americans have a higher chance of getting the disease than to Caucasian. Asian Americans are very less likely to get this disease. Asia men also suffer from this cancer.

Heredity:

Those who a history of this cancer in their family are at an increased risk of developing prostate cancer, especially the first relation family members like father and brother.

Diet:

Diet can play an important part in causing prostate cancer. Obesity can be the biggest risk factor for developing large prostate cancer, which can be difficult to treat.

Infection:

Sexually transmitted infections can be one of the causes of this cancer. People with sexual infections have 1.4 times greater chances of developing prostate cancer.

Cadmium:

Exposure to various chemicals like cadmium may develop prostate cancer in the body.

Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer:

Men feel no particular symptoms at the early stage of prostate cancer. When a tumour enlarges, there is some urinary blockage in the neck area of the urethra which can cause various difficulties.

Some usual and common symptoms of cancer includes:

1. Difficulty to urinary stream.

2. Frequent and increase urination.

3. Pain passing urine.

4. Urinary retention.

5. Recurring urinary tract infections (UTI).

6. Painful ejaculation.

7. Impotence or inability of having an erection.

If cancer spreads to the fellow organs symptoms like weight loss, fatigue and malaise have occurred. Metastasis in the bones can create bone pain along with the weakening of bones.

When To See Doctor: –

You should seek consultation with your doctor, if you have experienced the following symptoms:

– Difficulty in doing urine.

– Increase and frequent urination.

– Pain during urinating.

– Feel pain during ejaculation.

– Irregular urinating process.

– Difficulty in erection.

– Pain in bones.

You should immediately to the nearest hospital if you develop the following serious symptoms:

– UTI (Urinary Tract Infections)

– Bladder obstruction

– Acute kidney failure

– Deep bone pain, especially in back, thighs and hips

– Spinal cord compression

Possible Treatments: –

There are some treatments to treat cancer according to its stage or level.

– Hormone treatment

– Chemotherapy

– Radiation therapy

– Ultrasound therapy or brachytherapy

– Surgeries like radical prostatectomy or cryosurgery

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