All Information About West Nile Virus. West Nile virus is very common nowadays. It is a mosquito-transmitted disease or virus. People suffering from minor West Nile virus generally don’t develop the signs or any type of symptoms. However, some of them develop the life-threatening illness which includes inflammation of the brain or spinal cord. in this article, you will get All Information About West Nile Virus.
All Information About West Nile Virus
Mild or early symptoms of West Nile virus infection go away on their own. But, serious symptoms and signs of this should be taken seriously like; a headache, fever, disorientation or sudden weakness.
It can increase the risk of getting infected with the virus where mosquitoes with West Nile virus exist. Therefore, protect yourself by using mosquito repellent lotion and covered clothing to reduce the risk.
Symptoms Of West Nile Virus:
Most people don’t develop any symptoms or signs infected with the West Nile virus.
Signs and symptoms of mild and early West Nile Virus infection:
Very few people like 20% just develop a mild infection called West Nile fever. Common signs include:
- •Body aches
- •Skin rash
Signs and symptoms of serious and advanced West Nile Virus infection:
Only 10% of the infected people are suffered from a serious neurological infection. It can include the inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), along with the swelling of the membranes that surround the spinal cord and the brain (meningitis).
Signs and symptoms of neurological infections are as under:
- Severe headache
- Stiff neck
- High fever
- Coma or stupor
- Tremors or muscle jerking
- Disorientation or confusion
- Muscle weakness
- Partial paralysis
Duration of the symptoms and signs:
The signs and symptoms of West Nile virus infection last for a few days. But, keep in mind that the symptoms for ‘Encephalitis’ or ‘Meningitis’ can stay longer for a week or months. Certain neurological effects caused by the West Nile infection like muscle weakness can be permanent.
When to consult a doctor?
Mild signs and symptoms of the West Nile virus go on their own and only lasts for a few days. But, you have to be careful in case of ‘Encephalitis’ or ‘Meningitis’. Signs of serious infections are severe headaches, a stiff neck, disorientation or confusion, seek medical attention right away. Patient with these symptoms needs to urgently get hospitalized.
Causes Of West Nile Virus:
West Nile virus transmission cycle:
Generally, West Nile virus is transmitted to humans and animals via mosquitoes that are infected with this virus. Mosquitoes get infected when they bite the infected birds. It is only transmitted via mosquitoes. You will not get infected by only touching the person or animal.
West Nile virus spreads during warm weather when mosquitoes are active. West Nile virus mostly occurs in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Middle East. It has firstly appeared in the summer of 1999 in the state of United States. Since every state has been infected by this virus except Hawaii, Alaska and Canada.
Other ways of transmission:
In very few cases, West Nile virus can also be spread through organ transplantation or blood transfusion. It can also be transmitted to a child by the mother during pregnancy or breastfeeding.
Risk factors Of West Nile Virus Infection:
West Nile virus in the United States occurs from June to September. 48 lower states have also been reported with this virus.
Risk of serious infection:
If you are infected, you might develop the serious illness of West Nile virus. But, the chances are very small as only 10 per cent. You are more likely to develop the fatal condition of a virus on the following conditions:
• Age. If you are senior citizen, you can develop a serious infection.
• Various medical conditions. Different diseases like cancer, diabetes, hypertension and kidney disease increase the risk of severe illness of the infection.
Prevention of West Nile Virus Infection:
The best way to prevent the West Nile infection is to avoid the exposure to mosquitoes. And, also eliminate the stagnant water ponds where mosquitoes breed.
– Open roof gutters.
– Empty unused swimming pools or remove standing water on pool covers.
-Remove and change the water in birdbaths and pet bowls on regular basis.
-Remove old tires various containers that might store water in them
-Install and repair screens on windows and doors.
How to reduce the exposure to mosquitoes?
To reduce exposure to mosquitoes, follow these steps:
-Do not play outside and avoid the outdoor activities. Especially, at the time of dawn, dusk and early evening.
-Wear covered clothing with long sleeved and long pants.
-Apply mosquito repellent creams.
-When going for an outing, cover the stroller or carrier of your baby with mosquito netting.
featured image source: https://intermountainhealthcare.org/
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