Deadly Outdoor Diseases You Should Be Aware Of

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Deadly Outdoor Diseases You Should Be Aware Of. In this article, you’ll read about various travel disease, infectious disease, airborne disease and much more. We mostly go outside to have fun. Even most of the kids enjoy more in the outdoors than sitting at home. Where nature and greenery have great benefits, at the same time it can be harmful to us too. Before going into the woods, parks, gardens or any picnic point, we should be aware of the diseases that can cause great harm to our health.

In this article, I am mentioning some of the deadly outdoor diseases you should be aware of and tips on how to avoid them. These diseases attack us in a very silent way but can cause severe damage and harm to our health. Take a look at them and adapt some precautionary measures to avoid them.

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Deadly Outdoor Diseases You Should Be Aware Of:-

Giardia:-

In the above image, there is Giardia protozoan which is in blue and yellow colour attached to the red intestinal cell.
Never drink unfiltered water. Because it may appear clean and clear, but it is not. Unfiltered water may contain the microscopic parasite namely Giardia. It can cause many gastrointestinal problems like bloating, abdominal pain and watery diarrhoea. There are not much harmful as it can’t cause death. This disease is curable in many ways. You may feel a general weakness during the affected period.

Cryptosporidiosis:-

Like Giardia, there is also a microscopic parasite called Cryptosporidium. It can cause cryptosporidiosis. Both disease and parasite are often called “Crypto”. Crypto is protected by an outer shell. This shell allows it to survive for a long time without a host. This makes the shell resistant to certain disinfectants. During swimming, you may get infected. It can outbreak the entire if gets into the source of drinking water.

The first signs and symptoms of Cryptosporidium infection appear in a week. It may include watery diarrhoea, dehydration, lack of appetite, weight loss, stomach cramps or pain, fever, nausea and vomiting.

Naegleria fowleri:-

It is a single-celled microbe called amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM). Naegleria fowleri is also known as “brain-eating amoeba”. It is found in freshwaters, such as lakes, rivers and hot springs. It causes are rare brain infection which is almost deadly. Between 1964 and 2014, there have been only 133 PAM infections in the U.S. Only three people have survived, according to the CDC.

A person can only become infected if the microbe enters only from the nose. It travels through the olfactory nerve to the brain, where it starts to damage the brain tissue. But, if you drink that contaminated water, it will not lead to an infection.

Signs and symptoms of naegleria infection may include a change in the sense of smell or taste, fever. Sudden severe headache, stiff neck, sensitivity to light, nausea and vomiting, confusion and loss of balance.

Histoplasmosis:-

If you are going on exploring some caves, be aware of histoplasmosis. It is also known as “caver’s disease”. This disease is caused by the droppings by the bat, which cavers may inhale when exploring.

Most histoplasmosis infections are asymptomatic. In this infection, there are white spots in the chest’s x-ray. It is similar to pneumonia and can be cured of anti-fungal medicines. People may get infected from other different places, not just the caves.

The symptoms for histoplasmosis may include chest pain, fever, chills, cough, joint pain, stiffness of muscles, muscle aches, rashes, shortness of breath.

Valley fever:-

This disease is caused by inhaling a fungus that belongs to the group of coccidiosis. These are found in the southwestern United States. You may find them in the desert dirt and on the windy days, they can get blown around. This can make valley fever, difficult to avoid in a certain region. People those breathe it in, only 40 % of them will not develop any symptoms.

The infected person may have symptoms similar to the flu or in rare cases, he may develop pneumonia. In 2011, there are over 20,000 cases. It can be due to the changes in the environment.
Of those patients seeking medical care, the most common symptoms are fatigue, cough, chest pain, fever, rash, headache and joint aches.

Blastomycosis:-

Inhaled fungal infection, blastomycosis is caused by the Blastomyces dermatitidis fungus. Blastomyces fungus likes moist soil. It is found in rotting woods and leaves with abundant soil. Commonly it doesn’t cause any symptoms, but when it does, it often resembles pneumonia. People with severe infection are prescribed an anti-fungal medication.nti-fungal medication

The symptoms may include bone and joint pain, chest pain, cough with brown and bloody mucus, fatigue, fever and night sweats, general discomfort, ill-feeling, muscle pain and unintentional weight loss.

Babesiosis:-

This disease is transmitted from the deer tick and is commonly found in the upper and eastern part of the United States. The deer tick also transmits Lyme disease. There are over 25,000 cases in 2013.

People can get pretty sick from babesiosis. The parasite infects red blood cells. People with the disease experience symptoms such as fatigue and anaemia. The infection can be easily treated with medications. The parasites are easy to see in the thin layer of the blood of the patient under the microscope.

People can have flu-like symptoms of like fever, chills, sweats, headache, body aches, loss of appetite, nausea, or fatigue. Babesia parasites infect red blood cells. It can cause hemolytic anaemia (from the destruction of red blood cells).

Hantavirus:-

This disease was started in 2012 in Yosemite National Park. It sickened 10 people — three of whom died. The virus is spread by rodents. The virus is found in their droppings, urine and saliva. When the virus is stirred up (for example, when someone sweeps up mouse droppings), it can become airborne, and people can breathe it in.

Hantavirus has a high mortality rate, in part because people may not get treatment until they’re really sick, or because they just don’t recognize it, The main symptom is that the virus decreases the number of platelets a person has in their blood. Platelets help the blood to clot. This condition can put people a high risk of dangerous bleeding. The virus is found in places where rodents are common.

Early symptoms include fatigue, fever and muscle aches. Aches in thighs, hips, back, and sometimes shoulders. There may also be headaches, dizziness, chills, and abdominal problems, such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain.

featured image source: verywellhealth.com

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