Difference Between Biography And Autobiography. In this article, you will read about what is biography, what is autobiography, what is the main difference between biography and autobiography, and a comparison between biography vs autobiography.
Both the terms biography and autobiography are related to literature, which are often misused and used interchangeably. However, there is a significant difference between them. Here, we will first understand the main difference between biography and autobiography, then differentiate between them in detail.
What Is The Main Difference Between Biography And Autobiography?
The main difference between biography and autobiography is that the:
-Biography is the life story of any person which is written by any other person.
-Autobiography is the life story of any person which is written by the person itself.
What Is Biography?
Biography is a book of literature in which the life of a person is written in an elaborated manner by another person. An author who writes a biography is termed a biographer. The term biography comes from the Greek language ‘bios’ meaning life and ‘graphia’ meaning writing.
When a biographer has to write a biography, he should study the life and all the hurdles and achievements of a person’s entire life deeply. In this way, a biographer can pen down all the details accurately. Most biographies are written after the death of the person and contain all events of his personal life. Some popular biographies of all times are as below:
-Catherine the Great: Portrait of a Woman (Robert K. Massie)
-The Life of Charlotte Brontë (Elizabeth Gaskel)
-A Beautiful Mind (Sylvia Nasar)
-Steve Jobs (Walter Isaacson)
What Is Autobiography?
Biography is a book of literature in which the life of a person is written in an elaborated manner by the person itself. The person writes the story about his own life. A person who writes an autobiography is known as an autobiographer. The term autobiography was first used by William Taylor in 1797.
An autobiography does not contain all the life events of the person, but it does have events and memories related to childhood, youth, and adulthood. Nowadays, autobiographies become very popular. Some are written with the help of ghostwriters and collaborators. Some famous autobiographies are as under:
-Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave (Frederick Douglass)
-The Diary of a Young Girl (Anne Frank)
-Long Walk to Freedom (Nelson Mandela)
-An Autobiography (Jawaharlal Nehru)
Comparison Between Biography Vs Autobiography:
-Biography is a life story written by someone else.
-Autobiography is a life story written by the person itself.
-Biographies are a secondary source of information.
-Autobiographies are a primary source of information.
-Biographies are based on facts due to extensive research.
-Autobiographies are based on memories and opinions.
-Biographies are a third-person point of view.
-Autobiographies are a first-person point of view.
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