Difference Between Carbon Dioxide And Carbon Monoxide

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Difference Between Carbon Dioxide And Carbon Monoxide. In this article, we will read about what is carbon dioxide, what is carbon monoxide, what is the main difference between carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide, and a comparison between carbon dioxide vs carbon monoxide.

What Is The Main Difference Between Carbon Dioxide And Carbon Monoxide?

The main difference between carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide is that the:

-Carbon Dioxide stands for ‘CO2’. It contains 2 atoms of oxygen formed by a covalent bond and one atom of carbon. It is a naturally occurring atmospheric gas.
-Carbon Monoxide stands for ‘CO’. It contains one atom of oxygen formed by a covalent bond and one atom of carbon. It is non-natural atmospheric gas.

Difference Between Carbon Dioxide And Carbon Monoxide -chart
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What Is Carbon Dioxide?

Carbon Dioxide stands for ‘CO2’. It contains 2 atoms of oxygen formed by a covalent bond and one atom of carbon. It is a naturally occurring atmospheric gas, which was discovered by Jan Baptist Van Helmont in 1640. He observed this gas while burning the charcoal in a cold vessel. The frozen carbon dioxide is known as ‘dry ice’. In low concentrations, carbon dioxide is an odourless and colourless gas, while in high concentrations it has a sharp and acidic taste.

Carbon Dioxide has an atmospheric content to a level of 0.04% or 412ppm. It is non-toxic and non-flammable gas. Carbon Dioxide has two oxygen atoms, each with a molar mass of 44g/mol. The bond length between carbon and oxygen is 116.3ppm. It has zero dipole moment, because of the linear between two oxygen atoms.

Carbon dioxide is also the byproduct of the respiration of aerobic organisms. The combustion of fossil fuel is also a major source of carbon dioxide, which causes an alarming situation of global warming. Humans and animals exhale carbon dioxide, which afterwards is utilized by plants. This results in maintaining the balance of nature. It also acts as a greenhouse gas that traps the radiation to exit out of the atmosphere.

There are many commercial uses of CO2 like in carbonated beverages, as dry ice for the preservation in the wine industry, food additives, oil refinery, refrigerants, and fire extinguishers.

What Is Carbon Monoxide?

Carbon Monoxide stands for ‘CO’. It contains one atom of oxygen formed by a covalent bond and one atom of carbon. Carbon monoxide is triple covalently bonded. It is non-natural atmospheric gas, which was discovered by Aristotle. He discovered it by burning coal-producing toxic fumes. CO has a dipole moment of 0.122D and a bond length of 112.8pm. Carbon monoxide is a lighter molecule than air, which is why it is slightly dense than air.

Carbon monoxide is a toxic, colourless, flammable, and odourless gas. It is formed by the partial oxidation or burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas. The largest natural source producing carbon monoxide is the troposphere as a result of photochemical reactions. It is a highly toxic and fatal air poisoning gas. The normal tolerance level in an adult is 2.3% and in children is 12%. The symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue, visual disturbance, disorientation, confusion and seizures.

Comparison Between Carbon Dioxide And Carbon Monoxide:

-Carbon dioxide is natural gas.
-Carbon monoxide is not natural gas.

-Carbon dioxide contains two oxygen atoms.
-Carbon monoxide contains one oxygen atom

-Carbon dioxide is double covalently bonded.
-Carbon monoxide is triple covalently bonded.

-Carbon dioxide has a bond length of 116.3pm between carbon and oxygen.
-Carbon monoxide has a bond length of 112.8pm between carbon and oxygen.

-Carbon dioxide is produced by the burning charcoal in a cold vessel or as a respiration byproduct of aerobic respiration.
-Carbon monoxide is produced by partial burning or oxidation of fossil fuels.

-Carbon dioxide acts as a greenhouse that maintains the Earth’s temperature.
-Carbon monoxide is toxic and fatal gas for humans and animals.

-Carbon dioxide has a zero dipole moment.
-Carbon monoxide has a dipole moment of 0.122D.

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