How To Deal With Food Poisoning. In this article, you will read what is food poisoning, symptoms of food poisoning, causes of food poisoning, treatment of food poisoning, and much more.
What Is Food Poisoning?
Food poisoning is a digestive infection. It is due to the ingestion of food or water that contains bacteria, parasites, viruses, poisons or heavy metals (lead or mercury in particular). Food poisoning also affects several people who have shared the same meal.
It is often linked to the consumption of unusual or suspicious foods such as spoiled foods, poisonous plants or mushrooms, or contaminated”agricultural products like fertilizers, pesticides and other weedkillers. Food poisoning can also occur in children. Infants can also suffer from the consumption of contaminated water or infant milk, or while breastfeeding if the mother has ingested contaminated food.
How To Deal With Food Poisoning:
Symptoms of Food Poisoning:
Some symptoms that occur during food poisoning are:
-Nausea and vomiting
Prevention Of Food Poisoning:
To avoid food poisoning, the following precautionary measures should be adopted:
-Always check the expiry date of the food.
-Do not refreeze thawed food.
-Store the food according to the required temperature.
-Discard any can that is bulging or whose container has an unusual appearance or smell when opened.
-Transfer the contents of an open can into a non-metallic container for storage.
-Only collect mushrooms or any other plants that you know well. Eat mushrooms that are still young and cook them thoroughly. If you are in doubt about a species, show the mushrooms or plants to your nutritionist and if the doubt persists, throw them away.
-Do not leave a child alone in a garden or outdoor space in which there are shrubs with toxic berries and leaves (cotoneaster, cherry laurel, arum, etc.) or often harmful lawn fungi.
-Do not mix alcohol and drugs.
Causes Of Food Poisoning:
Several pathogens are known to hide in food. Here are some examples of diseases that are difficult to digest:
They are caused by the Salmonella bacterium (not typhus). It manifests itself after an incubation of 8 to 48 hours.
Signs of salmonellosis:Diarrhoea, headache, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, temperature.
Cause by:Meat, poultry, eggs and egg products, dairy products, fish and seafood. These are generally foods eaten raw or undercooked.
It is caused by the bacterium Campylobacter jejuni. The disorders appear after an incubation of 2 to 5 days.
Signs of a Campylobacter infection: diarrhoea, abdominal pain, vomiting and fever.
Caused by: Meat (chicken, pork) or contaminated food, especially when it is not cooked enough. But it can also be milk or water. There is also transmission through contact with animals.
It is a bacterial infection, caused by Listeria monocytogenes.
Signs of listeriosis:Meningitis and sepsis, or miscarriage in pregnant women.
Caused By: Raw milk, cheeses, smoked fish and certain charcuterie products such as pâtés, rillettes and jelly products.
Botulism is an intoxication by toxins emitted by a bacterium, Clostridium botulinum. The first symptoms generally appear 12 to 36 hours after contamination.
Signs of botulism:Visual disturbances, dry mouth, paralysis, rejection of stomach contents, constipation or on the contrary diarrhoea.
Caused By:Homemade preserved food or uncooked cold cuts fish.
It is a zoonosis caused by a bacterium of the genus Brucella. The incubation period can vary from a few days to several months.
Signs of brucellosis : fever, headache, diffuse pain, sweating, or fatigue.
Caused By:Fresh cheese, sheep’s or goat’s milk or contact with animals.
-Escherichia coli producing enterotoxins:
Escherichia coli infection made headlines in the United States in 1982 when it caused epidemics of bloody diarrhoea following the ingestion of contaminated hamburgers. The incubation period is 3 days.
Signs of E. coli infection:Ordinary diarrhoea which is most often hemorrhagic colitis. It can be dangerous for children and the elderly. It causes renal damage and even death.
Caused By: Beef (mainly minced), deer, sheep, goats, horses, unpasteurized milk, fruit juices, and raw vegetables.
-Poisoning by Staphylococcus aureus (staphylococcus aureus):
Staphylococcus aureus is caused due to the ingestion of staphylococcal toxins. It occurs after a short incubation period of 2 to 4 hours.
Signs of Staphylococcus aureus infection:Nausea, severe vomiting, stomach pain, and diarrhoea.
Caused By:Contamination of food is done during their preparation by a sick person (affected by nasopharyngitis). It is also necessary that the contaminated food be left at room temperature for several hours so that the toxin multiplies. This applies in particular to sandwiches, salads, pastries, sliced meats, etc. The consumption of certain raw dairy products (cheeses, milk) may also be involved.
-Solitary worm or taenia:
It is a parasite of the digestive tract. The incubation is 2 to 3 months.
Signs of Solitary worm or taenia:Often there are no signs. Eventually, some digestive disorders may occur. Weight loss sometimes occurs. Worm rings are found in the stool.
Caused By:Raw or undercooked beef.
It is caused by a parasite that normally affects cats.
Signs of toxoplasmosis:Moderate temperature, neck pain, and skin rashes. The infection can be serious in immunocompromised people and pregnant women.
Caused By:Contamination is done by ingestion of eggs after contact with a litter, but the consumption of meat (of sheep especially) can be in question.
What Is The Difference Between Food Poisoning And Gastroenteritis?
Most of the symptoms are similar, however, they are not the same diseases. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the lining of the digestive tract which is mainly caused by viruses, bacteria or parasites. It is contagious, unlike food poisoning. Unlike food poisoning, it causes cramps, muscle aches and headaches.
Treatments Of Food Poisoning And Dietary Recommendations:
The disease is generally transient and does not require specific treatment. But it is important to stay hydrated. If the consumed water is regurgitated, then the patient must go to the hospital to be rehydrated intravenously.
You should also follow a specific diet till the disease is cured. Consume mainly lean meats and fish. Avoid fruits and vegetables at first, after then when the symptoms improve, prefer cooked vegetables. Depending on the toxins responsible for the disease, the doctor may prescribe a specific antibiotic treatment. The doctor may also suggest that you use oral rehydration solutions (ORS) in dehydrated children.
featured image source: http://www.brownchiari.com/