Rhinitis Types And Treatments

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Rhinitis Types And Treatments. In this article, you will read about what is rhinitis, Allergic rhinitis, Acute rhinitis, and treatment of allergic rhinitis and acute rhinitis.
Rhinitis corresponds to an inflammation of the nasal cavities. Acute rhinitis is different from chronic rhinitis. The most popular is allergic rhinitis, which is also known as “hay fever”. The proposed treatment will depend on the form of the rhinitis.

What Is Rhinitis?

Rhinitis is the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose. There are two types of rhinitis: acute and chronic. Chronic rhinitis corresponds to allergic and non-allergic rhinitis.

Rhinitis Types And Treatments

Allergic Rhinitis:

Symptoms Of Allergic Rhinitis:

The signs of the disease in the patients are:

-Intense and violent sneezing.
-A watery nasal discharge.
-Complete or bilateral nasal obstruction.
-Nasal itchin.
-Conjunctivitis with tearing.
-Eye pruritus.
-Impression of foreign bodies under the eyelids.
-Headaches.
-Tension in the sinuses of the face.
-Neuralgia.

Types Of Allergic Rhinitis:

Hay fever or pollinosis is a variety of allergic rhinitis. The disease affects the eyes, nose, throat and sometimes the lungs. Classic hay fever is a reaction to grass pollen that occurs during pollen seasons (April-May to July-September).

However, allergies to other pollens responsible for allergic rhinitis are common. The pollen carried by the atmospheric currents or the wind arrives at the level of the target regions. The symptoms complained of by the patient are due to inflammatory reactions (irritation, edema, secretion).

Rhinitis Types And Treatments - allergic rhinitis

Treatment Of Allergic Rhinitis:

The ENT or allergist examines the nasal cavities. The lining of the nose is inflamed. A deviation of the nasal septum is a contributing factor sometimes observed. A sinus x-ray is done to assess the condition of the sinuses.

The dosage of total immunoglobulins (IgE) is suggestive in the event of a high rate. However, other causes can explain a high IgE level ( helminthiasis, aspergillosis, Hodgkin’s disease, brucellosis, rheumatoid arthritis). The Phadiatop test looks for the notion of allergy to common respiratory allergens.

Skin tests are performed. Allergists generally carry out skin tests from the outset by selecting the allergens to be tested according to the symptoms and their seasonal or perennial nature. If in doubt, the ENT or allergist performs nasal provocation tests measured by rhinomanometry.

Anti-allergics are useful. Sodium cromoglicate is active on discharge, pruritus and sneezing but not on nasal obstruction. Nasal corticosteroids are slower-acting but very effective even on nasal obstruction. But they are reserved for severe cases. To reduce tear flow, antiallergic eye drops with sodium cromoglicate or N-acetyl aspartyl glutamic acid are quite effective in reducing ocular discomfort.

The most commonly used medications are undoubtedly the H1 antihistamines. They are active in sneezing, runny nose and itching. Note that vasoconstrictors are currently not recommended because of the cardiovascular risks they can cause.

Acute Rhinitis:

Symptoms Of Acute Rhinitis:

Acute viral rhinitis (cold) whose period of onset is superimposed on that of autumn-winter pollinosis, but the repetition of rhinitis, the evolution by access and additional examinations allow the doctor to make the diagnosis.

-Runny nose.
-Sneezing.
-Congestion.
-Postnasal secretions.
-Cough.
-Slight fever.
-Headaches.

Rhinitis Types And Treatments - acute rhinitis

Treatment Of Acute Rhinitis:

Nasal obstruction can be relieved with drug treatments and by taking decongestants in a nasal spray without exceeding 3 or 4 days of treatment. It is also advisable to bring down the fever if it is present (with medicine against the fever and the pain), to act against the inflammation and to disinfect.

To prevent viral rhinitis, it is advisable to wash your hands regularly, avoid sharing glasses, cutlery and other hygiene products, and use paper tissues to throw in the trash.

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