Symptoms And Treatment Of Chalazion. In this article, you will read what is chalazion, symptoms of chalazion, causes of chalazion, treatment of chalazion, and prevention of chalazion. A chalazion can be embarrassing and painful. Are there effective treatments? Can we prevent its recurrence?
All About Chalazion – Symptoms And Treatment Of Chalazion:
What Is A Chalazion?
Do you have a red and painful ball in the thickness of the eyelid? It’s probably a chalazion. The chalazion should not be confused with the stye. The chalazion is generally found in the thickness of the eyelid, while the stye develops on the edge of the eyelid, at the root of the eyelashes. The chalazion is a non-infectious inflammation that can become infected later.
Symptoms Of Chalazion:
The signs of a chalazion are:
-Presence of a ball (cyst) on the eyelid.
-An inflamed eyelid that droops over the eye.
-Mild infection of the conjunctiva (thin membrane located on the surface of the white eye).
-Pain and a gritty feeling in the eye.
-Increased sensitivity to light.
-Tearing when the chalazion is internal.
-Blurred vision when the chalazion is important.
Causes Of Chalazion:
The chalazion is the result of inflammation and encystment of one or more Meibomian glands in the eyelid. These glands produce lipids whose role is to prevent the tear film from evaporating too quickly. Sometimes they clog at the level of their excretion orifice, due to too thick sebum which is unable to evacuate. The glands then tend to swell and can become superinfected. A banal staphylococcus will appear on the skin. When staphylococci proliferate on this clogged gland, a chalazion appears.
People with rosacea are more likely to experience recurrent chalazion. Rosacea acne is indeed a disease of the sebaceous glands in the skin, but also in the eyelids. On the other hand, there is no causal link between “classic” acne and the occurrence of a chalazion. Furthermore, dry eye, which affects 20% of the population, would also be a factor favouring the appearance of chalazion.
Finally, people with an autoimmune disease are also at greater risk of developing a chalazion.
What To Do If You Have A Chalazion?
If the chalazion persists for more than 4 or 5 days, you should make an appointment with an ophthalmologist. Even if the chalazion is benign, it can be a reason for emergency consultation because the discomfort and pain can be significant. The ophthalmologist will check the condition of the eyelids and suggest treatment with an antibiotic and cortisone-based ointment to try to reduce the inflammation.
If the ointment is not enough, the ophthalmologist will see the patient again to make a small incision with a scalpel in the gland (under local anaesthesia) and empty it. There will be no scarring as the incision is made through the inner side of the eyelid. It is then enough to reapply the ointment for a few days and the chalazion finally disappears.
Prevention Of Chalazion:
A person who tends to have recurrent chalazion has every interest in applying warm compresses every day in order to liquefy the contents of the glands. In addition, rigorous hygiene is also indicated, like:
-Daily cleaning of the eyelid.
-A regular change of the pillowcase.
-Good habits at home.
Good eyelid hygiene is also recommended:
-Clean them with a cotton swab soaked in physiological serum without preservatives and possibly apply a pearl of Blephagel ® to promote the softening of the Meibomian glands.
-Heating of the eyelids is very useful. Apply a compress or a washcloth moistened with lukewarm water. This heating will make it possible to liquefy the blocked sebum.
-One can also massage the eyelids with the finger, in order to facilitate the evacuation of the contents of the chalazion. -Treating the chalazion as soon as possible will help to prevent it from becoming encysted.
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