Symptoms And Treatment Of Pollen Allergy. In this article, you will get to know about symptoms of pollen allergy, diagnosis of pollen allergy, treatment of pollen allergy, and prevention of pollen allergy. Many people are allergic to pollen. The pollen seasons are sometimes longer. Recognize pollen allergies, prevent them and relieve them by reading the article.
Symptoms And Treatment Of Pollen Allergy:
Symptoms Of Pollen Allergy:
In people suffering from pollen allergies, the same clinical picture sets every year at the same time. The main symptoms are rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal cavities), sneezing, nasal congestion (stuffy nose), rhinorrhea (running nose), and a feeling of itching in the nose. Symptoms of bilateral conjunctivitis may be associated, for example, red eyes, itchy eyes, watery eyes and sometimes photophobia (hypersensitivity to light). If the person has an asthmatic background, asthma can be triggered by shortness of breath and wheezing.
In general, it is possible to present allergy as a hypersensitivity reaction caused by an immune reaction to a substance that is foreign to the human body. These foreign substances are known as called “allergens”. There are many types of allergens such as house dust mites, food, moulds, plants, etc. Pollens can cause allergic reactions on contact areas; including ocular or respiratory mucous membranes. Pollen may cause skin reactions, such as hives (itching) or eczema.
On the side of respiratory allergy, it takes two forms: allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma.
Allergic rhinitis, also called “seasonal” or ” hay fever “, is actually an inflammation of the upper airways (larynx, nose) This inflammation leads to nasal congestion with obstruction and secretions. Rhinitis can also be manifested by damage to the lacrimal ducts and the conjunctiva. We then speak of allergic rhino-conjunctivitis, which is manifested by itching in the eyes, tears that flow, and swollen eyelids. Moreover, rhinitis often precedes to asthma.
Allergic asthma is an inflammation of the bronchi, due to the presence of inhaled allergens. We then find respiratory troubles with wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath on exertion or a feeling of oppression in the chest. Several studies have shown that allergic asthma and allergic rhinitis often coexist in the same person. The risks of developing allergic asthma are higher in the presence of allergic rhinitis.
Diagnosis Of Pollen Allergy:
The repetitive character of the symptoms returning each year at the same period will put the doctor on the track of an allergy to pollens. The presence of an atopic site in the patient is also in favour of an allergy to pollens, mediated by immunoglobulins E (IgE).
To identify with certainty the allergens involved, prick tests can be carried out. These are skin tests to induce a mild allergic reaction in the doctor’s office. It is a question of testing on the skin of the person, generally, in the back of the forearm. Concretely, drops of the weakly concentrated solution containing the suspected allergen are placed on the patient’s skin. If several allergens are tested, they are far enough apart to avoid overlapping reactions. The reaction is observed 10 to 20 minutes later. If the person is allergic to the pollen tested, redness, swelling and itching will appear.
You have to look for cross allergies between certain pollens and plants. For example, timothy is a grass that often crosses with birch pollen. Allergies crossed with food allergies are also possible, like” peach crosses with birch or cypress pollen, but with different allergens and clinical consequences.
Treatment Of Pollen Allergy:
There are medications to treat pollen allergies at home, but you should consult your doctor. The treatment includes antihistamines and intranasal corticosteroids. Very short courses of oral corticosteroids, over 2 or 3 days maximum, are also possible during periods of excessive pollination. On the other hand, it is necessary to avoid vaso-constrictors or nasal decongestants to unclog the nose. Certain antihistamines and intranasal corticosteroids can be used in pregnant women without risk to the baby’s health.
Some measures can also be adopted by people allergic to pollens. You should avoid walking outside when it’s hot and windy. Follow the weather report to know the pollen levels in your region. Just take the prescribed drops or tablets, just before and during the season of the pollens to which one is allergic. The treatment can be initiated from the age of 5 years.
Prevention Of Pollen Allergy:
In the peak pollen period (pollination), it is recommended to wash your hair in the evening before going to bed or at least rinse it. The allergist adds ” it is better to ventilate your home outside of pollution peaks corresponding to the peak hours of home-office journeys”. In addition, the cabin filter of the car must be changed every year. There is no reliable scientific data concerning the use of surgical masks during walks to reduce exposure to pollen. Pollens are more aggressive just after a storm. It is obviously essential to avoid going out too often during the pollination period.
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