What is Hypocalcemia – Calcium Deficiency Disease

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Calcium is an essential and vital mineral of our body. It is used to build strong bones and teeth. In this article, you will read all about Hypocalcemia (Calcium Deficiency Disease). Our heart and various other muscles also consume calcium for their proper functioning. If children do not get enough calcium, there are high chances that they will not grow to their full potential. Here in this article, You will get to know about What is Hypocalcemia – Calcium Deficiency Disease. Different types of disorders might develop in our body if we don’t consume enough calcium; like.

-Osteoporosis

-Osteopenia

-Hypocalcemia calcium deficiency disease

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Daily Intake Of Calcium Chart:

It is to be said that the daily intake of calcium is the same for both sexes. National Institute of Health (NIH) has issued a chart for the daily intake calcium. The daily allowances are:
According to the U.S. government’s dietary guidelines, calcium requirements for adults are:

Age group Daily recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
9-18 years 1,300 mg
4-8 years 1,000 mg
1-3 years 700 mg
7-12 months 260 mg
0-6 months 200 mg

What causes Hypocalcemia (calcium deficiency disease)?

The risk of hypocalcemia can be increased as your age increases. This deficiency may depend on various factors, such as:

  • Several medications that decrease the calcium intake
  • Hormonal changes, particularly in women
  • Intake of poor calcium for over a long time
  • Not having foods that are rich in calcium
  • Various genetic factors
  • Low levels of vitamin D
  • Several medications like phenytoin, phenobarbital, rifampin, corticosteroids,
  • Pancreatitis
  • Hypermagnesemia and Hypomagnesemia
  • Hyperphosphatemia
  • Septic shock
  • Massive blood transfusions
  • Renal failure
  • Chemotherapy drugs
  • Hungry bone syndrome, which may occur after surgery for hyperparathyroidism
  • Menopause

It is very important for women to start the intake of calcium earlier in life than men, starting in the middle age. It is very necessary to take proper calcium intake as the women approach menopause. During menopause, women should intake required calcium to reduce the risk of osteoporosis and hypocalcemia (calcium deficiency disease). In menopause, there is a decline in the hormone estrogen. This causes the bones of the women to thin faster.

  • Hypoparathyroidism
    Hypoparathyroidism is a hormonal disorder that can also cause calcium deficiency disease. In this condition, a person doesn’t produce enough parathyroid hormone. Parathyroid hormone controls the calcium levels in the blood.
  • Malnutrition and Malabsorption
    Malnutrition and malabsorption are also the causes of hypocalcemia. This is when a person doesn’t get enough nutrients. On the other hand, malabsorption is the disease where your body can’t absorb vitamins and minerals from the food you eat.

Symptoms of Hypocalcemia:

Symptoms of Hypocalcemia will not develop in the early stage. However, the patient’s condition will get worse as the disease progress.
Severe symptoms of hypocalcemia are:
-confusion or memory loss
-muscle spasms
-numbness and tingling in the hands, feet, and face
-depression
-hallucinations
-muscle cramps
-weak and brittle nails
-the easy fracturing of the bones

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The deficiency of calcium can affect various body parts. This will result in weak nails, slow hair growth, and fragile along with the thin skin. Calcium is also important for neurotransmitter release and muscle contractions. If you have any of the above symptoms contact your doctor immediately. Your doctor will follow a different test to diagnose your problem.

How is hypocalcemia is treated?

Calcium deficiency can be treated easily; only by adding more calcium to your diet. Do not take calcium supplements by yourself. Make sure to consult your doctor first.
Commonly recommended calcium supplements include:
-Calcium carbonate. It is the least expensive and has the most elemental calcium
-The Calcium citrate. This calcium supplement is the most easily absorbed
-Calcium phosphate is also easily absorbed and doesn’t cause constipation.
Various Calcium supplements are available in liquid, tablet, and chewable forms.

How to prevent Hypocalcemia?

You can prevent calcium deficiency disease by including calcium in your diet every day.
Be aware that foods high in calcium. Dairy products can also be high in saturated fat and trans fat. Choose low-fat or fat-free options to reduce your risk of developing high cholesterol and heart disease.
Foods like milk, yoghurt, sardine, salmon, fortified tofu, edamame, white beans, collard greens, broccoli, dried figs, orange juice, wheat bread and other dairy products are good for consuming calcium.
Men and women above the age of 51 years should consume 2,000 mg per day. Men and women from the age of 19 to 50 should consume 2,500 mg per day.

featured image source: medhyaherbals.com

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